Showing posts sorted by relevance for query sinocalycanthus. Sort by date Show all posts
Showing posts sorted by relevance for query sinocalycanthus. Sort by date Show all posts

May 26, 2013

Collectables, Treasures, and Native Plants in My Garden

Sinocalycanthus raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine' is an under used shrub, an intergeneric cross between our native  Eastern Sweetshrub Calycanthus floridus and the Chinese counterpart, Sinocalycanthus. Still relatively new ( created in the 1990's) the larger this shrub gets, the more I adore it.
In many parts of the country, especially here in the North East, this weekend which typically marks the unofficial start of summer, feels more like winter - with ice pellet yesterday, and night-time temps dipping into the 30's tonight, summer seems like a long way away. It makes me happy that I have waited until after Memorial day to plant my tender annuals and vegetables ( I just transplanted my seedling tomatoes last weekend!), but there is no holding back spring, which I can see as I strolled around the garden today during a break in our well-needed rainstorm. The sun broke through the clouds, and even though a bitter, cold breeze kept gloves on even while I weeded, I took some time to snap some shots of some remarkable plants blooming in the garden on this chilly, spring weekend in late May.

Another native American tree rarely seen in garden is the Snow Bell, or Halesia monticola more commonly seen in mid-Atlantic states than in New England.

Saruma henryi, a Chinese native woodland plant blooms on the north side of the house. With pale, yellow blossoms and velvety heart-shaped leaves, this shade lover is winning my heart. This year, it is nearly a foot and a half, tall.

Primula polyneura blooms out near the chicken coops. Less thug-like than its close relative, Primula kisoana ( as if P. kisoana is really thug like, but it does spread a little), this primrose has more of a candelabra stem, and blossoms which are more showy in the garden.  I have no idea where we got these plants, but I have a colony growing near the woods.

Our native Mayapple has sweet blossoms, but they are always hidden below the umbrella-like foliage of this Podophyllum. I have to pick a few, just to get a photo of the flower which nods below the single leaf.

Our Goldfinches are in full, breeding splendor now - with brilliant yellow feathers, they are fearless, visiting some of the feeder near the kitchen window. This one seems to want some sunflower seeds to augment his diet of thistle seed.

Aesculus pavia, our native red Buckeye, a relative of the Horse Chestnut, brightens a green corner near the greenhouse with it's firecracker-like blossoms. A small tree, this one never seems to get taller than I am.

Yellow Rhododendrons remain rare, and this one blooms with trusses that first open pink, then turn bright yellow, and later turning to a pale primrose yellow. I long lost the variety name.

I was so excited to see this visitor to our suet feeders ( which I have decided to keep up for the summer to encourage catbirds, and other insect eaters closer to the house). This Brown Thrasher is a large relative of the Catbird, and as an omnivore, he enjoys both insect and nuts.

A large (tall) native water iris, Iris pseudacorus blooms in our pond. Nearly 5 feet tall, this is one which we found growing near our fishing spot with white flowers, in the wild, it is more typically yellow ( as in the foreground).
It prefers wet feet, but it also grows well in the border.

May 13, 2012

May Flowers, May Apples and May Treasures


For a very short period in May, deciduous woodlands around the world burst into bud and bloom. In Japan, China, Korea, Russia, Scandinavia and North America - May marks the peak season much of Mother Nature - for migratory song birds eager to breed, taking advantage of these longest days of the year,  insects rush to pupate, mate and to lay eggs (in our woodland, these are the only three weeks one can find the Luna moth), and woodland plants seem to complete an entire years growth in just three short weeks. These are the weeks of fragrant wild azalea, lady slipper orchids, Mayapples and countless other woodland treasures.


In the garden, imports of similar species from other continents  such as Asia, adds to the show.  Take Mayapples for example - our native Mayapple, Podophyllum peltatum, also known as American Mandrake, grows in an ever growing colony near the edges of our garden. A spreader, it never really becomes invasive, but it does move about quickly. We love it, because with 2.5 acres, much of the yard is...well, weedy. Like I've said before, you would be shocked if you ever visited. Much of our yard is too messy to show on this blog, and I have little time at all to even cut grass or to power up a weed wacker. Plants that form a carpet, such as the Mayapple then becomes even more valuable, for it grows so thickly, it chokes out even the most aggressive weed.

Podophyllum peltatum, our native Mayapple, grows near the boundary of our garden and the woods. Protected from the hottest summer sun by tall trees, it forms a carpet of green, mingling with other spreading shade woodland plants, such as Petasites japonicus variegated form, and some hosta. Yes, I grow hosta, and I'm OK with it!

Podophyllum pleianthum

A rarer Mayapple, meet it's Asian relative - Podophyllum pleianthum. Eventually this will become a giant specimen plant with 40" tall stalks - to-die-for. This Asian Mayapple will take some time to settle in, so patience is required. This plant is two years old, another in another part of the garden is only one year old. 

Syneilesis aconitifolia

Another plant that takes some time settling in, but it worth seeking out is this woodland beauty from Korea is Syneilesis aconitifolia. Thanks to the great plant explorers from the late 20th Century like Daniel Hinkley, who introduced many of these Asian woodland plants into cultivation through the then incredible  Heronswood Nursery, trying to find these plants is still challenging ( try Plant Delights Nursery). Syneilesis is one of those plants that once you see it in its full magnificence, you must add it to your own garden. Images in books and my pathetic little two year old plant above, will not convince you, at least not yet. In three years, when I show a photo, you will want it.

A closer look at one of the umbrella-like leaves on Petasites japonicus var variegata.


This plant always impresses me, which is tough to do during the burst of growth that happens in May. Sinocalycanthus ( now just Calycanthus again) x raulstonii 'Harlage Wine' is one of those amazing plants with an amazing story. It arose from a cross between a Chinese species and and American species of Calycanthus. Now, every collector has one in their garden, and I can see why. First bred in 1990, it has not taken long for this shrub to be shared among the people who know. It is vigorous and unusual, with merlot colored magnolia-like blossoms. I've planted this specimen near the woodland edge of our garden, where tall trees tower overhead, providing dappled shade, perfect conditions for this rarely seen shrub. Look for the white form called 'Venus'.


Even evergreens can be showy in May - many spruce (Picea)  selections have been introduced that have this curious color-change effect early in the year. New grow emerges almost white, literally glowing in the garden, a lovely effect, and one that I can't wait to see on a mature specimen.  My Gebelle's Golden Spring is still quite small, and struggling to form a leader. The spectacular coloring on the young shoots gradually fades to a more typical green by the end of June.


Behold, the Silverbell tree. A rarely seen native American tree from Virginia, and the Carolinas, Halesia tetraptera makes a large, tree that blooms with a display that makes one wonder why this tree isn't planted in every park and street in America. My tree is still small, more of a shrub right now, as it had a tough childhood ( too many encounters with a lawn mower). It is still young, and 10 feet tall, and covered in 1 gagillion silverbells.  In my home town of Worcester, MA, a large Halesia grows in Elm Park, designed by Olmsted, the noted landscape architect, the tree is a large as an oak tree, and when in bloom, it's almost a bizarre site, since how often does one see an oak tree in bloom with white tiny bells. I have always wanted one,  as i reminds me of my first job where one grew on the estate where I gardened. It is still rarely seen in many American gardens. 

May 25, 2015


White giant calla lilies bloom in a large tub on the gravel walk leading to the greenhouse.

Fragrant white Chinese wisteria tumbles over small shrubs along the long walk. In so many ways, spring in our garden is spectacular - like a Disney movie with smell-a-vision.

In the far back of the property, understory tree and shrubs such as this Sinocalycanthus 'Raulston Wine' bloom profusely as baby chicks and duckling peep and quack over the growls of our neighbors weed wackers - what? Wait a minute.....
Get ready to see what most of my garden really looks like - but be prepared, since closeups and detail shots and those carefully edited hide much of what really goes on around here. I may have been protecting myself as much as your eyes in carefully cropping out the random dog toy or dead spot, but in an effort to be more transparent, I am letting it all show for once.

Many of you have written me telling me to relax a little about the messiness of the garden here, so I am trying to listen to you. And you know what? It's not easy, but the more I visit the other gardens of friends who have full time jobs, I start to get it. While the more I visit garden blogs I get pissed off ( really? So perfect?) Now I think I am starting to see what you are talking about. A gardeners garden is often like an artists house. Messy, imperfect, but perfectly interesting. This garden is a wreck - as you will see, but while some may see only imperfection, others may see curious plants and an interesting life. Take your pick.

Why do we keep buying plants? Maybe it's because we know that in a few weeks, all the good plants - the interesting ones at least, will be gone from the garden centers. There is only a little window of opportunity to grab the choicest plants before they are gone for the summer. Keeping them watered in their small pots is one challenge, but new tubs need to be bought as well as soil and compost sifted before we can pot them - maybe next weekend?

In an effort to help me overcome my obsessive habits such as bitching about having no time ( I mean really, who really does have free time today?), I am going to pull the curtain back a bit, and show you some of the back stage scenes around here. I would imagine that many of you are experiencing the same bits of anxiety and pressures around the volume of tasks that seem to build up over these first few weeks of nice weather - new plants arriving in the mail, and from what seems to be an endless parade of plants from plant sales, nurseries and garden centers. Those seedlings that you started ( really? 65 Zinnias? 35 Dahlias? 128 tomatoes?), plus the pile of mulch that just doesn't seem to be reducing in size, trimming of hedges, containers that need to be planted before all of the good plants are gone from the garden center - it all can seem overwhelming.

Tomatoes and African Foxgloves waiting for me to find room in the garden - today is overcast, and a Monday holiday, so it may be the perfect time to transplant - but I haven't written a post in a week, so blame the blog!

Breath. Relax. Breath, exhale. Oh Elsa, you perhaps had it right - "let it go".  Most of us garden only on the weekends - perhaps an hour after work, but that usually means simply watering the pots and containers. I think I am starting to understand that most garden bloggers try to focus on design - an ideology of perfection, but really, it this 'interior design' approach really what gardening is about? I admit to you all that I get caught up in the image and perception part of the gardening equation as much as those on Design Sponge or Apartment Therapy do. Hey, perfection is nice - we all need inspiration, but sometimes a little dose of reality helps too.


Yet the more I struggle with lack of time and the realities of gardening,  I realize most people struggle with the same issues. Much of what we do simply is not pretty or perfect.  Sometimes our meals look like fast food. Sometimes our fashion looks like, well, we picked it off of the floor. More often than not, much of what we experience day to day is something else other than perfection. I still beleive that a gardening blog should have more inspiration than reality in it, since who would really want to read, let's say a cooking blog where all they make is fast food - yet who doesn't want to see what Julia Child's kitchen really looked like on the days when they were not shooting in there?

The truth is - gardening is not all white hydrangea hedges and clipped parterres of boxwood. It's not always tidy topiary trees, airplants and mossy letters on brick walls spelling out 'peace'. It's usually more dirty - kind of what a house it really like inside, when company isn't coming.

Dogs can bring both joy and heartbreak to a garden - We love our dogs, but they are ruining most of the garden. I am trying to find a balance between the two hobbies, and it can be difficult when one partner wants dogs, and the other wants Hellebores. This problem area, which used to be my ephemeral garden is struggling under the fierce paws of 6 terriers give or take a few.

 I acknowledge that the designer inside of me really can't help it most of the time- he wants to make it all perfect. I mean, it's just a little tip of the camera, a different angle, crop out that doggie squeaky toy, try not to get that tilted fence post in the shot of the greenhouse which for some reason (laziness) will never transform into a fence. And if that three panel picket fence will never transform into a fence in one years time, how will those 14 panels of lattice leaning on the old fence transform into a fence?

I might bet that some of you still have a mulch pile waiting to be moved to parts of your garden? Please tell me that you still do? I need to get out there today and work on this for a bit, since we are getting a few tons of stone delivered tomorrow.  What was I thinking?

Then, there is the mulch pile - 12 loads a day, and it doesn't seem to get any smaller, still, I have to remind myself that 6 tons of pea stone arrives tomorrow as well, and that is no lighter! Chicks are in the studio under lights, almost ready to move outdoors but the fence needs to be completes in the coops as well - oh, and Joe ordered ducklings that arrive this week as well. Not to mention 7 flats of tomatoes, and far too many annuals that need to find a home in the garden somewhere - what was I thinking?

I am notorious for starting jobs and never finishing them. I actually took some pride in winding up these extension cords so that they could be brought into the cellar. The lawn, a little ( a lot) messy due to a fertilizing error - we never buy lawn fertilizer or even have owned a spreader - but this year, I decided to try one - just because our lawn was looking a little drab and weak. Joe had never used one before, so we ended up with lots of over fertilized spots (I probably would have done the same thing).

Yet why is it that when I visit other plant people's gardens, they are rarely in any better shape than mine is? OK, sure, there are plenty that are far more perfect - such as those that I visited in Michigan two weeks ago on the NARGS tours - but I have to believe that not all gardens are such perfect places. Even ours  sometimes looks nice, such as when we have a garden tour scheduled, but it takes planning and lots of hard work - hired help even, just to get it looking halfway decent. Most of the time, a random visit here will shock one if one expects perfection. Sure, I can choose the best camera angles, but believe me, there are only a few tricks one can do before things start to repeat themselves ( how many times do you really want to see the front of the greenhouse and that martin house?).

The long walk is looking pretty ratty right now. I am considering removing the hornbeam hedge on the left, as it shades much of the path, and it is too tall - not properly pleached (woven), it is trimmed with hedge sheers twice a year, but last year with the death of my father and a summer that seemed to escape me, I missed a years worth of trimming. Now, as I trimmed it on this 3 day weekend, it looks rather weak.

Long rock paths such as ours need frequent weeding ( by hand, on rubber mats so ones knees don't get damaged). Then they will need a refresh of pea stone, not a job for the weak and spindly of us. We try not to use leaf blowers, weed killer or weed wackers around here - so in many ways, we garden as they once did back in the olden days. Not very practical at all, but at least it's a work out, right? It just takes longer, and becomes more of a chore over time. We do this, while our neighbors grind away at their perfect green velvet lawn every Friday with every known electric and gas powered took known to the big box store. No wonder they have time for jet ski's, motor cycles, a pool and parties.

I need to decide if I want to cut out these hornbeams, or if I should just top them off at 8 feet again. Right now, they are too tall to trim without a ladder. Behind them, another fence awaits installation - a project for another weekend ( or summer?). I've tried to plan out every weekend between now and August, and I really can't imagine when we will get this done!
 Yikes! That is one tall hedge of hornbeam! Hard decisions need to be made here, remove it or cut it back? Or, perhaps do nothing for an entire year once again? Which is a reality given the long list of projects that need to be done. Today ( once I get my butt away from this computer) I might continue to wash the windows on the porch - do two more sets, and then try to get some laundry in, then go water the greenhouse and the tomato flats on the deck, try to prepare some beds to get at least a dozen tomatoes in before the end of the day. I might even plant some dahlias which are ready to go in, but which will need extra protection from the dogs. If I do this, I will need to commit to hauling mulch over from two acres away, plus lay down landscape fabric since I will not have the time to week this part of the garden - but the container plants should really be planted as well - as they could die before next weekend. And so it goes, the constant re-prioritization.

And people wonder why we never go to the movies?

Looking forward, I am trying to think about how I could take care of this property as I age. In ten years I will be 65, and if I don't move, I need an easier garden to maintain, as I can barely take care of it now. These birch seedlings are being nurtured to take over the garden. If I could convert much of the garden to native species such as birch, mountain laurel (Kalmia) and other natives, perhaps I can make it more like a woodland.
 I also have to face the realities of aging. I'm not there yet, but I'm pretty certain that many of you alternate those 'outdoor work days' with hot tubs, bath salts and anything to ease those sore muscles. Gardening is hard work. One plan I have is to allow a large part of our property to go natural - but that is a task which is far more difficult than one would imagine, as just ignoring a garden will only allow for weed trees such as Alianthus and other weeds to take over - especially in a city, and where the land has been cultivated for over 100 years. The idea of 'going native' or 'natural' is rather impossible at this point, but I can guide some plants to grow, mimicking our native woodlands, and hopefully, getting to a place where the leaves and annual cycles of leave and needle drop through the seasons, will steer the land back to something that looks more natural.

Trying to find a balance between woodland, native plantings and a garden that looks as if it was always there. Near our front entrance, this fake river bed with native ferns, wild blueberries and wildflowers mixes with hybrid rhododendrons, low growing birch varieties and dwarf evergreens. Still low maintenance, it looks far better than the lawn which once stood here (see the road in the upper far right?).

Thus I am allowing self seeded white river birch to grow and mature, as well as some white pines - all interplanted with either native kalmia (Mountain Laurel) and some similar (yet imported- genus such as hybrid rhododendrons and magnolias as an understory. Layering like this already has worked in part of our garden, and now I am trying to introduce it to other parts of the property, but the results are more challenging - especially the intermediate period when it just looks like weeds and weed trees are growing.

Garden debris from a harsh winter waits to be dumped in the woods, onto an every growing compost pile which for us, means just a big 'ol pile of branches and leaves in the woods. It provides us with an obscene amount of compost, which to be honest, never seemed special to us as kids, but today, makes for some secret wealth which we rarely complain about.

It seems that on every porch and shady spot there are flats of plants waiting to be planted. Waiting, waiting, waiting. It's a bit like an emergency room - with such little time, and an abundance of patients? Prioritization is necessary. First the bareroot fruit trees, then the most expensive  shrubs, then ladyslippers, everything else comes later. In the gardening world, the class system rules. Lowly calibrachoa and basil get pushed to the end of the line.

Baptisia looks fine in the front, natural garden.

Here is an example of a good crop. This portion of our garden is what I typically would show on this blog. A nice wedding cake dogwood, a flood of Petasites japonicus var. giganteus, beehives and archways....

....but really, it looks like this. Complete with dead spots in the lawn, un-pruned Asian pears, and a lovely stack of lawn furniture arranged in a fire pit.

As I said, it's all in the angles. And in the plants.

So --  if I am going to try and not get too upset over being behind in my chores - the mulching - the planting, then you perhaps can take a breather too.  Enjoy this spring. I mean - who cares if the puppies and the dogs have torn up the entire garden, leaving what amounts to a dust bowl effect just one week  before a garden tour? I'm trying not to care as much. Really. 

May 30, 2010

Calycanthus raulstonii 'Hartlage Wine'

Today, I share a new plant in my garden, Calycanthus raulstonii, a new bigeneric cross involving the native eastern species of Calycanthus floridus, which some well informed eastern gardeners may have grown. This plant is a significant introduction, and is impressive both as a flowering plant, and as a new shrub for it's foliage it beautiful.  A new plant in the world of horticulture is rare enough, but one which performs so well, is very welcome, espeically one which flowers after the spring flush, and one which prefers shade. So what is bigeneric hybrid? - It's simply a cross between two species, the eastern American species ( Calycanthus floridus), and it's distant cousin from China, ( Sinocalycanthus chinensis).

The new plant was named to honor J.C. Raulstonm Director of the North Carolina State University Arboretum ( now called the JC Raulson Arboretum), a man a never had the pleasure of knowing, but one who seems to live on in the memories of all who had the pleasure of meeting him. This cross was created in the mid 1990's before J.C Raulstons untimely death due to an automobile accident in 1996, and it was Registered in 2001. It should be sought out at better garden centers ( where I found mine),  as it is beginning to be distributed now. There is a related cross, a white form called 'Venus', which looks very much like a tiny Magnolia.